To protect its workers and the public during the coronavirus pandemic, the Social Security Administration (SSA) has suspended face-to-face service at its field offices and hearings offices nationwide until further notice. However, people with severe disabilities should still be able to arrange in-person appointments.
Payments to the nearly 70 million Social Security beneficiaries -- including recipients of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) -- will not be affected.
While in-person appointments will still be available for those with severe disabilities and certain others (see below), the SSA is encouraging beneficiaries to transact as much business as possible online using the agency’s website. (If you don’t have an online account yet, click here.)
Certain services also will continue to be available via the agency’s toll-free line, (800) 772-1213 or from local offices’ General Inquiry lines. (For the local office locator, click here.)
Why the Closure?
Budget cuts to Social Security over the years have led to crowded offices and long wait times. With the advent of the coronavirus outbreak, this went from being an inconvenience to a public health threat. The union representing the SSA’s 61,000 workers was deeply concerned about the health of the agency’s workforce as well as the danger to the public.
“The offices are petri dishes,” Richard Couture, a spokesman for the union, told The New York Times. “People are sitting there for a long time, magnifying and multiplying the risk of infection for everyone there, and to people on the outside.”
How to Get in Touch During the Shutdown
Examples of tasks or inquiries that can be accomplished online include:
- Applying for retirement, disability, and Medicare benefits;
- Checking the status of an application or appeal;
- Requesting a replacement Social Security card (in most areas); or
- Requesting a replacement Medicare card.
(For a complete list, click here.)
Phone services will also be available, although the SSA says it is “focusing on providing specific critical services to people in dire need.” Examples of how the SSA can help by phone include:
- If you did not receive your monthly payment;
- If you are currently homeless or at risk of becoming homeless; or
- If your benefits were suspended and can now be reinstated.
Expect long wait times if calling, however.
In-person help will still be available for a limited list of critical services, including:
- Reinstatement of benefits in dire circumstances;
- Assistance to people with severe disabilities, blindness or terminal illnesses; or
- Help for those in urgent need of eligibility decisions for Supplemental Security Income or Medicaid eligibility related to work status.
(What constitutes a "severe distability"? The SSA's Coronavirus web page says it will consider a disability severe, among other things, "If you may qualify for an immediate Supplemental Security Income payment based certain severe disabilities"; or "If your disability qualifies for our Compassionate Allowance or Quick Disability Determination processes.")
If you require any of the critical services listed above, you must call in advance for an appointment; there are no walk-ins at the field offices.
What if you already had a standing appointment or disability hearing scheduled? If this is the case, the SSA will call you to reschedule or to take care of the issue by phone. Unfortunately, this call may come from a private phone number rather than from a government phone because employees are working remotely and do not necessarily have government-issued phones.
Identity theft phone scams where callers impersonate SSA workers were already on the rise, and this will likely only add to beneficiaries' confusion. Be aware that agency employees will never inform you that your Social Security number has been suspended, demand payment, or seek credit card information.
For full details on changes to SSA services brought on by the response to the coronavirus, go to the SSA’s Social Security & Coronavirus page, https://www.ssa.gov/coronavirus/