Who Should Purchase Long-Term Care Insurance?

A woman looking at long-term care information on her laptopBuying long-term care insurance is one way to protect against the high cost of long-term care. However, this type of insurance may not be for everyone, so consider all your options.

Ways to Pay for Long-Term Care at Home or in a Nursing Home 

  • Out-of-pocket. If you have sufficient resources, you can pay for your long-term care needs with the money you have saved. 
  • Medicare. Limited coverage for long-term care is provided by Medicare. It includes short-term nursing home stays after an illness or injury that requires hospitalization. Medicare only covers up to 100 days of skilled nursing care per illness. 
  • Medicaid. If you have limited resources, Medicaid will pay for nursing home care. In order to be eligible for Medicaid benefits, a nursing home resident may have no more than $2,000 in "countable" assets (it may be higher in some states). 
  • Long-term care insurance. With long-term care insurance, you pay monthly premiums to buy a policy that pays your long-term care costs if you are admitted to a nursing home or need home care (depending on the policy). 

Evaluating Your Financial and Medical Situation

Determining whether you need long-term care insurance depends, in part, on your financial situation. The cost of a long-term care insurance policy varies considerably, depending on your age when you purchase the policy, the benefit period, and the level of benefits, among other things, but the premiums can be expensive. Therefore, if you have the resources to self-insure your long-term care and still have money left over, you likely don’t need to buy a long-term care policy. On the other hand, if you can't afford to pay monthly long-term care premiums, you will likely be able to qualify for Medicaid. 

Another factor to consider is your family’s health history. Most nursing home stays are short-term and paid for by Medicare. A common reason for needing extended long-term care is dementia. If you know you have a family history of Alzheimer’s disease, for example, it may make more sense to buy insurance. 

Of course, we never really know what the future may bring. Long-term care insurance is like any insurance policy: we don’t know if we will ever need it.

Reasons to Consider Long-Term Care Insurance 

  • You have the resources to pay the premiums, even in retirement
  • You want to preserve your estate for your heirs
  • You don’t have enough money to self-insure

Get more information on what a good long-term care policy should include and how much insurance you should purchase. For professional guidance, find an elder law attorney near you.